Analyses and Opinions

India’s Active Hybrid War against Pakistan

Basma Khalil - Hybrid warfare is an emergent domain in which irregular means of war fighting against the adversary state are used rather than a formal declaration of war.  It has extended the battlefield to almost every segment of states and their societies as opposed to traditionally being restricted ...
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Importance of the South China Sea for the US and China and their Growing Tensions

Irfan Ali - The South China Sea (SCS) has great strategic and economic significance in the contemporary international politico-security environment. At the economic front, it is estimated that an annual global trade of $5.3 trillion passes through the SCS. Besides, more than half of the world’s fishing vessels pass ...
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India’s Test of Hypersonic Technology Demonstrator Vehicle and Implications for South Asia

Ahyousha Khan - In September this year, India claimed to have successfully tested scramjet engine technology. This has been indigenously developed for its hypersonic technology demonstrator vehicle (HSTDV). As per the Indian estimates, this particular and sophisticated technology would be a key component for the development of the next ...
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Evaluating China-Iran “Comprehensive Strategic Partnership”

Sadia Kazmi - The news about China and Iran concluding a possible trade and military deal worth the US $400 billion promises a much-needed economic relief to the latter. At the same time, it has raised some serious regional and extra-regional concerns. Although there is no set timeline as ...
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China’s BeiDou Navigation System for Pakistan

Sadia Kazmi - China with its ‘BeiDou Navigation Satellite (BDS) system’ having been fully functional on 23rd June 2020 has consolidated its position among the countries with global navigation satellite systems (GNSS). The only three other countries with their own GNSS are the US that has GPS, Russia which has ...
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Vindication of Pakistan’s Diplomatic Discourse One Year since India’s August 2019 Revocation

Haris Bilal Malik - The prevalent security dynamics of the South Asian region are very much linked with the long-standing issue of Kashmir. August 2020 marks the completion of the first year of India’s August 2019 annexation of Kashmir through the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganization Act of 2019. The ...
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Russo-Indian Defence Logistics Sharing Pact to be signed: Shaking the Regional Equilibrium

Hananah Zarrar - Recently it has been circulated via Indian media that India and Russia are finally very close to their agreement on Defence Logistics Sharing Pact. The agreement is expected to be signed by the end of the year 2020 during President Putin’s visit to India. Originally, the ...
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NTI Report 2020: Pakistan and Protection from Threat of Sabotage in Nuclear Facilities

Ahyousha Khan - Nuclear Threat Initiative has recently issued the fifth edition of its biennial report titled “Losing Focus in a Disorder World”. As this year’s title suggests, the progress to secure nuclear material and facilities has slowed significantly in amidst of complex and catastrophic threats at the global ...
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Assessing Pakistan’s Position in Theft Category of NTI Index Report 2020

Sher Bano - Ever since nuclear weapons have been developed, they have been the key component of the global strategic discourse based on their horrid probabilities. The nuclear disaster like Chernobyl that occurred during the safety test on ‘Reaktor bolshoy moshchnosty kanalny’, a high-power channel reactor (RBMK type) resulted in ...
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NTI 2020 and Pakistan’s Cyber Preparedness

Basma Khalil - In the contemporary global strategic affairs, nuclear safety and security are widely perceived as the fundamental for any country to be recognized as a responsible nuclear state. Over time, the parameters of the nuclear safety and security have changed considerably. The emergence of sophisticated technologies has ...
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Changing South Asian Regional Dynamics: Security Threats to Pakistan

Irfan Ali - In recent years, the emergent regional dynamics of South Asia have made it more significant at the international level. This is primarily because of the complexity of the territorial conflicts between India and Pakistan which poses threats to international security in general and regional security in ...
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Analyzing the Decade of Non-proliferation Trends in South Asia

Hananah Zarrar - It has been more than two decades since Pakistan and India had carried out their nuclear tests. Since then, South Asia has come to the fore as a uniquely challenging nuclearized region of the world. The striking most aspect of this nuclearized region is the presence of ...
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Justifying Pakistan’s Air Based Nuclear Deterrent Posture vis-à-vis India’s Rafale Obsession

Haris Bilal Malik - India aspires to create its hegemony and ultimately dominate the South Asian region. For this purpose, along with other counterforce capabilities, India has been pursuing an overwhelming increase in its air power. This is further aimed at achieving offensive strike capabilities, particularly against Pakistan. Driven ...
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India’s Militarization of Outer Space: Implications for Pakistan

Sher Bano - India has a long-held desire to be recognized as one of the greatest military powers at the global level. In pursuit of this objective, over the last few years, India has been carrying out a very extensive military modernization program. Along with all the other components ...
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India’s Quest to Dominate South Asian Cyberspace: Challenges for Pakistan

Basma Khalil - Since the advent of technological innovations in warfare, ‘Cyberspace’ has considerably emerged as the new battlefield for states.  The South Asian region has also been impacted by this complex warfare domain. This is primarily because India aspires to dominate the regional domain of cyberspace. India has a ...
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