Analyses and Opinions

Pakistan’s Credible Minimum Nuclear Deterrence in Contemporary Regional Context

Haris Bilal Malik - The overt nuclearization of the South Asian region in 1998 was the outcome of the Indian long-held desire to dominate the region and challenge Pakistan's security. Being threatened by this, Pakistan was compelled to follow the same suit. It became more of a strategic obligation for ...
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Other Side of The Nuclear Coin: Pakistan’s Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy

Sher bano - The development of Pakistan’s nuclear program in the early ’50s was primarily meant for peaceful purposes. Since then, Pakistan has been using nuclear technology for the socio-economic development and betterment of society. In this regard, over the years, sufficient human resources and infrastructure have been developed ...
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Nuclear Deterrence and Treaty on Prohibition on Nuclear Weapons

Ahyousha Khan - On October 24, 2020, the Treaty on Prohibition on Nuclear Weapons (TPNW) commonly known as the ‘Ban Treaty’ was ratified by fifty states. This has marked the start of a 90-day countdown for the treaty to enter into force. The Ban Treaty was concluded in July 2017 ...
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Analyzing India’s Enhanced Strategic Nuclear Triad: Implications for the South Asian Strategic Stability

Haris Bilal Malik - Since the last few years, India has embarked on an extensive augmentation of its strategic nuclear capabilities. This is primarily inspired by its long-held desire to dominate the escalation ladder of the South Asian region and extend its strategic outreach. The massive buildup of strategic nuclear ...
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Surveillance and Situational Awareness Technologies in South Asia and Its Implications

Sher Bano - In the current nuclear age, improvements in surveillance and situational awareness technologies have revolutionized the emerging scenarios of conflicts. The advances in remote sensing systems and the adoption of unmanned automated systems have made the early warning systems more relevant. In a way, it has increased ...
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The Purported Extension of New START: Reality or Political Bluff

Haris Bilal Malik - The New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (New START) is the only remaining arms control agreement between the US and Russia. Signed in 2010, the treaty was supposed to reduce the number of deployed strategic nuclear warheads of the two world’s largest nuclear weapons states. Under treaty ...
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Artificial Intelligence in South Asia and Implications for Pakistan

Ahyousha Khan - Artificial Intelligence (AI) allows any system to perceive, interpret, and reason a given situation by acting physically or digitally. Today AI has wider use in medical, transport, economics, and military technologies. Most significantly, the use of AI in military affairs has gained momentum in recent years. This ...
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India’s Back to Back Missile Tests and the Contemporary Notions of Nuclear Deterrence Equilibrium in South Asia

Haris Bilal Malik - The dynamics of nuclear deterrence in South Asia have been quite complex since the overt nuclearization of the region initiated by India. It had appeared as more of a strategic compulsion for Pakistan to maintain a credible nuclear deterrent posture to overcome the conventional and unconventional ...
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Imran Khan’s Address at UNGA 75th Session: Exposing India’s Fascist Ideology

Sher bano - On 25th September 2020, Prime Minister Imran Khan virtually addressed the 75th session of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA). Similar to his last year’s address at the UNGA 74th session, this has been a strong projection of Pakistan's appropriate diplomatic discourse on the Kashmir issue ...
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Pakistan’s Nuclear Diplomacy: Commitment towards Non-Proliferation

Sher bano - Ever since Pakistan became a nuclear weapon state, Pakistan’s nuclear diplomacy has been in practice on the principles of restraint and responsibility. Pakistan was even reluctant to enter the club of nuclear weapon states but soon after India had conducted its first nuclear test in the ...
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Indian Cyber Threats and APTs Posing Challenges to Pakistan

Basma Khalil - In recent years, cyber threats, from replicating program software to a ransom-worm, have evolved into Advanced Persistent threats (APTs). These are pre-planned cyber-attacks aimed at penetrating the adversary’s central communication servers to seize or hack important information stored there. APTs are prolonged targeted attacks against a ...
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India’s Frustration amid a Two-Front Challenge

Haris Bilal Malik - Since the last few decades, India is in pursuit of enhancing its global strategic outlook. This is intended at India’s long term aspiration of becoming a regional, and ultimately a global power. To achieve this goal, India has been trying to expand its military, economic ...
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Indian Pursuit of Disruptive Technologies and Its Implications on Nuclear Deterrence in South Asia

Ahyousha Khan - The term disruptive technology was first coined by a Harvard Business School Professor, Clayton Christensen in his book “The Innovator Dilemma”. According to the book, disruptive technologies could revolutionize the specific fields in which they are to be adopted. However, disruptive technologies also come with many ...
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Evolution of Indian Nuclear Doctrine: From NFU to Preemption

Sher Bano - India's obscure nuclear doctrine of ‘No First Use’ (NFU) had evolved over the years since it was first declared in 1999 by NSAB's (Nuclear Security Advisory Board) in the ‘Draft Nuclear Doctrine’ (DND) that forms the very basis of the official Indian nuclear doctrine. Subsequently, in ...
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The Evolved Destabilizing Factors of South Asian Strategic Stability

Haris Bilal Malik - The strategic stability of the South Asian region has been in a continuous state of vulnerability in recent years. Various factors have contributed towards destabilizing this region. At the military and strategic level, these include; the conventional disparity between India and Pakistan, India’s offensive military modernization ...
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