Analyses and Opinions

Induction of HQ/9P Air Defence System by Pakistan: Criticality of Air Defence Systems

In the mid of the October, Pakistan Army inducted HQ-9/P air defence systems to make Pakistan’s air defence impenetrable. HQ-9/P is state of the art High to medium-range air defence system (HIMADS), which is also considered to be strategic long-range SAM (Surface to Air Missile). The missile system is capable ...
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Pakistan consolidating conventional deterrence through its military capabilities

The military preparedness of a country is essential for the maintenance of peace and stability of the country. It requires military preparedness, vigilance, and rigorous training. It eventually prepares the enemy for the crucial circumstances of whatsoever kind of conflict or scenario falls upon. The military induction of the latest ...
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Pakistan’s proposal for strategic restraint regime: commitment towards non-proliferation

Strategic Restraint Regime (SSR) was first offered by Pakistan to India in the year 1998. It consisted of three significant elements; reduction in armed forces, stable deterrence and peacefully resolving all the lingering disputes. It was proposed in response to Cold Start Doctrine as a result of which India planned ...
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Hindu extremism under Modi regime

India came into being in the name of secularism where all minorities will have their due rights irrespective of their religion or color. However, soon after the independence, India indulged in aggression and suppressing the Muslim population living inside and around India. Besides many other states, Kashmir was illegally occupied ...
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Afghanistan Counterterrorism Act 2021: Implications for US-Pakistan Relations

With the US withdrawal from Afghanistan at the end of August 2021 ended the US-Pakistan cooperation in Afghanistan that lasted for two decades. Despite huge losses borne by Pakistan in war on terror since the US invasion of Afghanistan, Washington is not happy with Islamabad over the precarious situation and ...
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Hypersonic Weapons, Missile Defense and Strategic Stability in South Asia

Pakistan’s nuclear weapon capability is calibrated through India’s development in the conventional and unconventional sectors. Pakistan maintains strategic stability in the region and maintains credible deterrent forces.  However, India’s burgeoning behavior in the region continuously pushes the region towards an arms race, by the introduction of new technology like ballistic ...
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User-Trial of Agni-V: What actually is concerning for South Asian Strategic Stability?

In the last half of September 2021 Indian news/media channels broke the news that India will conduct the user trial of its Agni-V intercontinental ballistic nuclear missile. The test has importance because it is reported in Indian media that it will be tested as MIRV (multiple independent re-entry target vehicle) ...
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Incidents of nuclear trafficking in India and its repercussions

The specialized nuclear materials are very scarce. Only some states have significant deposits of such costly and rare material. Hence the safety and security of these materials is also the responsibility of the states which possess them. However, with the rising incidents of nuclear theft and trafficking, India is badly ...
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Achieving Socio-Economic Development through Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Technology

The civil nuclear program comprised the major part of the nuclear program of Pakistan. Pakistan has always been cognizant of the use and benefits of nuclear technology in civil sector. The use of nuclear technology for civil purposes entails the use in medicine, utilization in energy, agriculture or dealing with ...
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Pakistan’s peaceful application of nuclear technology

Pakistan has been making vital use of nuclear technology for the socio-economic development of the country and plans to further utilize it in order to attain the „Sustainable Development Goals” (SDG‟s) of the United Nations. Nuclear Technology is being utilized in various areas such as health, hydrology, agriculture, industry, electricity ...
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Pakistan’s Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Technology and Commitment towards Non-Proliferation

Nuclear technology is a two edged sword, that present one of the greatest threat to human kinds and at the same time also promises great benefits. Therefore, it is necessary that state‟s right to utilize nuclear technology for peaceful purposes be facilitated by the international community. As, peaceful utilization of ...
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Uses of peaceful nuclear technology: China-Pakistan collaboration

The Pakistan is facing an immense energy crisis for quite a long-time. According to a World Bank report, electricity shortage is a bigger obstacle to business as compared to corruption. To fulfill or at least shorten its energy shortage, Pakistan and China are collaborating closely. Some states like India have ...
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Regressing Nuclear Security Culture in India: Increasing Incidents of Nuclear and Radiological Theft

In month of August, Indian authorities reported seizure of radioactive element californium. This is the third event of theft, smuggling and illicit sale of nuclear and radiological material in India in ongoing year. First event of seizure was reported in month of May, where over 7 kg of uranium was ...
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India’s fifth generation warfare against Pakistan

5th generation warfare or hybrid warfare could be defined as a new advancement in the modern warfare where cultural war gains or information are considered more important than use of hard power in battle field during 3rd or 4th generation warfare. But India is using 5th generation warfare against Pakistan ...
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Evolving Situation in Afghanistan: Eliminating Myths about Safety and Security of Pakistan’s Nuclear Weapons

Pakistan accords utmost importance to its nuclear safety and security and considers it a national responsibility. The nuclear security demands the cautiousness, constant vigilance, preparedness and continuous improvement against the evolving threats.Thus, the utmost importance is being given to the safety and security of nuclear weapons. However, it still becomes ...
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